Category Archives: Research

Detecting the Dynamics of Urban Structure Through Spatial Network Analysis (IJGIS 2014)

Journal: International Journal of Geographical Information Science

Authors: Chen Zhong, Stefan Müller Arisona, Xianfeng Huang, Michael Batty, Gerhard Schmitt

Abstract: Urban spatial structure in large cities is becoming ever more complex as populations grow in size, engage in more travel, and have increasing amounts of disposable income that enable them to live more diverse lifestyles. These trends have prominent and visible effects on urban activity, and cities are becoming more polycentric in their structure as new clusters and hotspots emerge and coalesce in a wider sea of urban development. Here, we apply recent methods in network science and their generalization to spatial analysis to identify the spatial structure of city hubs, centers, and borders, which are essential elements in understanding urban interactions. We use a ‘big’ data set for Singapore from the automatic smart card fare collection system, which is available for sample periods in 2010, 2011, and 2012 to show how the changing roles and influences of local areas in the overall spatial structure of urban movement can be efficiently monitored from daily transportation.
In essence, we first construct a weighted directed graph from these travel records. Each node in the graph denotes an urban area, edges denote the possibility of travel between any two areas, and the weight of edges denotes the volume of travel, which is the number of trips made. We then make use of (a) the graph properties to obtain an overall view of travel demand, (b) graph centralities for detecting urban centers and hubs, and (c) graph community structures for uncovering socioeconomic clusters defined as neighborhoods and their borders. Finally, results of this network analysis are projected back onto geographical space to reveal the spatial structure of urban movements. The revealed community structure shows a clear subdivision into different areas that separate the population’s activity space into smaller neighborhoods. The generated borders are different from existing administrative ones. By comparing the results from 3 years of data, we find that Singapore, even from such a short time series, is developing rapidly towards a polycentric urban form, where new subcenters and communities are emerging largely in line with the city’s master plan.
To summarize, our approach yields important insights into urban phenomena generated by human movements. It represents a quantitative approach to urban analysis, which explicitly identifies ongoing urban transformations.

Title: Detecting the Dynamics of Urban Structure Through Spatial Network Analysis
Authors: Chen Zhong, Stefan Müller Arisona, Xianfeng Huang, Michael Batty, Gerhard Schmitt
Journal: International Journal of Geographical Information Science
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Year: 2014
DOI: 10.1080/13658816.2014.914521
Link: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13658816.2014.914521#.U8P6N1bsd8E

A Visual Analytics Framework for Large Transportation Datasets (CAADRIA 2014)

Conference: 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia CAADRIA 2014

Authors: Chen Zhong, Stefan Müller Arisona, Gerhard Schmitt

Abstract: The advancement of sensor technologies makes it possible to collect large amounts of dynamic urban data. On the other hand, how to store, process, and analyze collected urban data to make them useful becomes a new challenge. To address this issue, this paper proposes a visual analytics framework, which is applied to transportation data to manage and extract information for urban studies. More specif- ically, the proposed framework has three components: (1) a geographic information system (GIS) based pipeline providing basic data processing functions; (2) a spatial network analysis that is integrated into the pipeline for extracting spatial structure of urban movement; (3) interactive operations allowing the user to explore and view the output data sets at different levels of details. Taking Singapore as a case study area, we use a sample data set from the automatic smart card fare collection system as an input to our prototype tool. The result shows the feasibility of proposed framework and analysis method. To summarize, our work shows the potential of geospatial based visual analytics tools in using ‘big’ data for urban analysis.

Award: Won best presentation award.

Title: A Visual Analytics Framework for Large Transportation Datasets
Authors: Chen Zhong, Stefan Müller Arisona, Gerhard Schmitt
Proceedings: 19th International Conference on Computer- Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia CAADRIA 2014
Publisher: The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA)
Year: 2014
Pages: 223 – 232
Link: http://cumincad.scix.net/cgi-bin/works/Show?caadria2014_014

Journal of Professional Communication: “Art/Science Hybrids”

Special Issue on Art/Science Hybrids. Journal of Professional Communication (JPC), Volume 3, Issue 2, 2013
http://digitalcommons.mcmaster.ca/jpc/

A collection of papers originally presented at Digital Art Weeks 2013 Singapore (DAW)
http://www.digitalartweeks.ethz.ch/

Editor in chief: Alex Sévigny, McMaster University

Guest editors: Steve Gibson, Faculty of Art, Design and Social Science, Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK and Stefan Müller Arisona, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland FHNW / Future Cities Laboratory, ETH Zurich

The rise of new transdisciplinary practices in the late 20th and early 21st Centuries is striking. The gulf between art and science that has widened since the Enlightenment has now been challenged by a wide body of scholars, artists, designers and scientists. This special issue explores the concerns of emergent transdisciplinary research that seeks to re-unite the arts and sciences.

Table of Contents

Editorials

Preface to the JPC special issue on Art/Science Hybrids. Alex Sévigny

Art Into science/science into art. Steve Gibson

Iterative Emergence of Art/Science Hybrids. Stefan Müller Arisona, Pascal Mueller, Simon Schubiger, and Matthias Specht

Commentary

Augmenting science through art. Matthias Berger

Next nature: ‘nature caused by people’. Sue Thomas

Interview

Interview with George Legrady, chair of the media arts & technology program at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Stefan Müller Arisona

Research Articles

Art-science and verbal articulation in hyper-visual techno-culture. F. Scott Taylor

Theoretical aesthetics. Adam Tindale

Mapping art to systems thinking. Paul Goodfellow

The superhero and the DJ: Science meets design. Mikael Lindstrom, Farvash Razavi, and Nandi Novell

Social commentary through the transdisciplinary practice of audio-visual performance. Léon McCarthy

The digitization of music and the accessibility of the artist. Marius Carboni

Live programming for robotic fabrication. Jason Lim

Title: Art/Science Hybrids
Editor: Alex Sévigny
Guest Editors: Steve Gibson and Stefan Müller Arisona
Journal: Journal of Profession Communication
Year: 2013
Volume: 3(2)
Link: http://digitalcommons.mcmaster.ca/jpc/

Cinder Deferred Renderer

Cinder application for deferred rendering experiments (lighing, shadow mapping, SSAO), available on Github at https://github.com/arisona/cinder_deferred_renderer

Forked from original code by Anthony Scavarelli anthony.scavarelli@gmail.com at https://github.com/PlumCantaloupe/Cinder-Deferred-Renderer

Thanks to Anthony and the contributors his code is based on.

Original code ported to c++11 and optimized / fixed a couple of things, plus some new features/controls.

This code is based on a deferred renderer for point lights and screen space ambient occlusion (SSAO), including shadow mapping.

Lecture notes on Deferred Rendering and Shadows

In relation to above example code, the following lecture notes are available for download here:

Deferred Rendering (deferred_rendering_131113.pdf)
Shadow Rendering (shadow_rendering_131113.pdf)

Multi-Projector-Mapper (MPM): Open-Source 3D Projection Mapping Software Framework

The multi-projector-mapper (MPM) is an open-source software framework for 3D projection mapping using multiple projectors. It contains a basic rendering infrastructure, and interactive tools for projector calibration. For calibration, the method given in Oliver Bimber and Ramesh Raskar’s book Spatial Augmented Reality, Appendix A, is used. Continue reading

Visualizing Interchange Patterns in Massive Movement Data (EuroVis 2013)

Authors: Wei Zeng, Chi-Wing Fu, Stefan Müller Arisona, Huamin Qu

circos_multiscale

Abstract: Massive amount of movement data, such as daily trips made by millions of passengers in a city, are widely avail- able nowadays. They are a highly valuable means not only for unveiling human mobility patterns, but also for assisting transportation planning, in particular for metropolises around the world. In this paper, we focus on a novel aspect of visualizing and analyzing massive movement data, i.e., the interchange pattern, aiming at re- vealing passenger redistribution in a traffic network. We first formulate a new model of circos figure, namely the interchange circos diagram, to present interchange patterns at a junction node in a bundled fashion, and optimize the color assignments to respect the connections within and between junction nodes. Based on this, we develop a family of visual analysis techniques to help users interactively study interchange patterns in a spatiotemporal manner: 1) multi-spatial scales: from network junctions such as train stations to people flow across and between larger spatial areas; and 2) temporal changes of patterns from different times of the day. Our techniques have been applied to real movement data consisting of hundred thousands of trips, and we present also two case studies on how transportation experts worked with our interface.

Title: Visualizing Interchange Patterns in Massive Movement Data
Authors: Wei Zeng, Chi-Wing Fu, Stefan Müller Arisona, Huamin Qu
Journal: Computer Graphics Forum
Publisher: Wiley
Year: 2013
Volume: 32(3)
Pages: 271-280
DOI: 10.1111/cgf.12114
Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cgf.12114/abstract

Open Call: Art/Science Residency at the Future Cities Laboratory

ASR 2013 Call For Proposals

Please find full call and application forms here: http://www.digitalartweeks.ethz.ch/web/DAW13/ASR2013

Arts/Science Residency with focus on Transmedia at ETH Zurich’s Future Cities Laboratory

The Singapore-ETH Centre, in collaboration with the Arts and Creativity Lab & the Interactive and Digital Media Institute, are pleased to announce a 2013 Arts/Science Residency at ETH Zurich’s Future Cities Laboratory (FCL). The selected artist will be invited to spend 2 months working at the FCL with researchers, students and the local arts community as she or he conduct a project exploring and making connections between art and science.

The artist will be invited to present the project at ETH Zurich’s Digital Art Weeks Festival (May 6 – 19 2013), thus the residency must start no later than beginning of May 2013.

The Art/Science Residency is made possible with the support of ETH Zurich’s Future Cities Laboratory and IDMI Art/Science Residency Programme.

Theme: Explorations in Transmedia for Urban Research

The Future Cities Laboratory (FCL) is a transdisciplinary research centre focused on urban sustainability in a global frame. It is the first research programme of the Singapore-ETH Centre for Global Environmental Sustainability (SEC). It is home to a community of over 100 PhD, postdoctoral and Professorial researchers working on diverse themes related to future cities and environmental sustainability.

In September 2013, the 3rd FCL Forum will take place at the NRF CREATE Campus in Singapore. The event is planned and realised through three main pillars, which are a conference, an exhibition, and the library. All pillars collected and showcase FCL work established over the last three years.

The goal of this Art/Science Residency is to propose and realise a bridge that connects the pillars. Thereby, the general topic of investigation is the use of transmedia storytelling approaches to support large, heterogeneous, and complex research projects in terms of coherently integrating the overall mission, research questions, works in progress and results across multiple platforms and formats. Consequently, proposals should radically question and innovatively revise current standards in academic communication. While including web- and game-based transmedia approaches, as typically known from advertisement, they should go beyond the norm of such techniques.

In particular, we are looking for proposals that include other areas and formats, and adhere to the following guidelines:

  • Proposals should include use of the Value Lab Asia, a large collaborative, digitally augmented space, equipped with several multi-touch surfaces and displays, a 33 megapixel high-resolution video wall, and video conferencing systems. It is used by the FCL researchers for urban visualization, scenario planning and stakeholder participation applications.
  • Proposals should have the openness to incorporate output from on going design research studios, seminars and research projects.
  • Proposals should incorporate the evolving Future Cities Laboratory exhibition and the upcoming September 2013 conference, and the outcome of the project should be directly applicable for the exhibition and conference.
  • Proposals may include design and production of physical models through digital fabrication.

For all formats and areas you will work closely with FCL faculty and PhD students, and will have access to FCL space and technical infrastructure, including the Value Lab and the FCL model-making workshop.